October 02, 2012
The European Commission has published its latest cloud computing strategy aimed at boosting the technical and economic sectors in the EU. The report, titled "Unleashing the potential of cloud computing in Europe," says a unified cloud strategy will create 2.5 million new jobs and will add €160 billion annually to the EU GDP by 2020.
The project uses a general definition of cloud, referring to "the storage of data (such as text files, pictures and video) and software on remote computers, which users access over the Internet on the device of their choice."
The strategy includes the following key components:
Necessary standards should be identified by 2013, ensuring users can move data from one cloud to another or withdraw their data altogether.
EU-wide certification schemes for trustworthy cloud providers.
'Safe and fair' contract terms for cloud computing contracts.
A European Cloud Partnership with Member States and industry to harness the public sector's buying power, which comprises 20% of all IT spending.
According to European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes: "Cloud computing is a game-changer for our economy. Without EU action, we will stay stuck in national fortresses and miss out on billions in economic gains. We must achieve critical mass and a single set of rules across Europe. We must tackle the perceived risks of cloud computing head-on."
The announcement explains that the benefits of cloud computing are achieved through economies of scale, and further claims that 80% of organizations adopting cloud computing achieve cost savings of at least 10-20%. The paper does not call for a single super-cloud, but instead makes the case that rapid deployment of multiple cloud-based solutions and technologies can achieve significant results.
The Commission's 2012 proposal to update the Data Protection rules, which debuted in January, addressed one of the most important barriers to cloud computing, data privacy. In the coming months, the Commission will be working on the European Strategy for Cyber Security, which is also important to the project. All these various pieces – standards, trust and security – are essential if the Commission is to meet its eventual goal, which is a Digital Single Market for Europe.
The ever-growing complexity of scientific and engineering problems continues to pose new computational challenges. Thus, we present a novel federation model that enables end-users with the ability to aggregate heterogeneous resource scale problems. The feasibility of this federation model has been proven, in the context of the UberCloud HPC Experiment, by gathering the most comprehensive information to date on the effects of pillars on microfluid channel flow.
Large-scale, worldwide scientific initiatives rely on some cloud-based system to both coordinate efforts and manage computational efforts at peak times that cannot be contained within the combined in-house HPC resources. Last week at Google I/O, Brookhaven National Lab’s Sergey Panitkin discussed the role of the Google Compute Engine in providing computational support to ATLAS, a detector of high-energy particles at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Frank Ding, engineering analysis & technical computing manager at Simpson Strong-Tie, discussed the advantages of utilizing the cloud for occasional scientific computing, identified the obstacles to doing so, and proposed workarounds to some of those obstacles.
05/10/2013 | Cleversafe, Cray, DDN, NetApp, & Panasas | From Wall Street to Hollywood, drug discovery to homeland security, companies and organizations of all sizes and stripes are coming face to face with the challenges – and opportunities – afforded by Big Data. Before anyone can utilize these extraordinary data repositories, however, they must first harness and manage their data stores, and do so utilizing technologies that underscore affordability, security, and scalability.
04/02/2012 | AMD | Developers today are just beginning to explore the potential of heterogeneous computing, but the potential for this new paradigm is huge. This brief article reviews how the technology might impact a range of application development areas, including client experiences and cloud-based data management. As platforms like OpenCL continue to evolve, the benefits of heterogeneous computing will become even more accessible. Use this quick article to jump-start your own thinking on heterogeneous computing.